It is bothersome to have dark circles under the eyes. Aside from the fact that it makes you look older than you really are, you don’t feel confident when taking pictures because it makes you look like a raccoon. Thank heavens for there are a lot of products which claim to diminish those dark circles under the eyes. However, not all of them are effective. So, how can you get rid of those dark circles efficiently? First, you have to identity the causes and effects of the problem.
What are Dark Circles?
Before setting apart the cause, it is best if you learn first what dark circles are. Dark circles are characterized by blood vessels underneath the surface of the skin around the eyes wherein blood have leaked out from the capillaries making it visible through the skin. Averaging at about 0.5mm, the skin around the eyes is considerably thin compared to the skin of the other areas of the face which is about 2mm. In fact, it is the thinnest among the skin on other parts of the body which is why dark circles are very noticeable.
You are more likely to develop dark circles if a parent or both have them. Yes, dark circles around the eyes can be inherited. It is because your family might have the tendency of having thin skin around the eyes or having more blood vessels than the average. If you are unfortunate enough, your family may have both of these cases. As an effect, you may develop awfully visible dark circles.
One of the physiological causes of dark circles is leaking blood vessels. Another is the thinning of skin as you age since there is a decrease in the production of new skin cells. As a result, the 0.5mm skin around the eyes, which is already thin to begin with, will still get thinner as you grow old. Periorbital hyperpigmentation is a condition in which the production of melanin around the eyes is more than average; thus, resulting in dark circles. Fatigue causes dark circles under the skin because when you are tired or you lack sleep, the skin becomes pale making the blood vessels to become more vivid.
Being short of a balanced diet is one cause of dark circles around the eyes. Insufficiency of some nutrients, most specifically iron, can lead to dark circles. It may also indicate that not enough amount of oxygen reaches the cells and tissues. Moreover, there are kinds of medication which dilate blood vessels and make them more apparent; thus, causing the emergence of dark circles. Lastly, one of the causes of dark circles is smoking.
Now that you know the causes of dark circles, it will be much easier for you choose the right treatment for the problem. You may make improvements with your lifestyle such as getting the proper nutrients and finding time to relax and have ample time of sleep. If you the cause is more complicated such as leaking of the blood vessels or thin skin, you may find some topical solutions which may help.