The thinnest skin in the body is the skin around the eyes which is also considered the most delicate. Having eye bags and dark circles on this part is not skin deep as it is more related to the fluid balance within the body and it’s hydration level. In addition, as a person age, she loses elasticity especially the skin around the eyes. Although dark circles cannot be completely removed, there are several methods one can try to minimize their appearance. One is through moisture for dark circles.
Technically, dark eye circles are called periorbital hyperpigmentation. Wendy Zukerman, science writer noted that this condition is caused by blood vessels that run beneath the skin surface. Because the skin around the eyes called periorbital is definitely thin, it is so translucent that the blood vessels become prominent. There are also cases that muscles are visible and this produces a purple color.
Dehydration, Nutrition and Eye Problems
Zukerman also mentioned that scientists do not fully understand why eye circles become darker when one is dehydrated. Maybe because dehydration lowers blood pressure which lead to slower movement of blood on the eye area. This blood may then be stocked in the blood vessels near the eye causing them to look darker. Zukerman added that iron deficiency has the same effect. Since it lowers blood pressure, it makes the skin looks pale.
Causes of Puffiness
If you wake up with puffy eyes, there’s nothing to worry because you’re not alone. Puffy eyes as mentioned by ophthalmologist Mary Stefanyszyn, M.D. to MotherNature.com may result from the body fluids pooling overnight. The puffiness will subside however, but it can stretch the skin and too many puffy mornings can lead to bigger and saggier eye bags. To prevent such thing to happen, do not drink too much water before going to bed at night, do not stay awake too late at night and do not eat too much salty food. Dehydration is also related to puffiness based on a study in 1992 in the Indian Journal of Pediatrics. They found out that severely dehydrated children experience swollen periorbital skin once they were rehydrated.
Aging, Hereditary and Eye Problems
You can’t avoid the time when you become old and bags will form around your eyes. At the same time, your facial skin losses fat and collagen which causes the skin to become thinner and retain less moisture. In this case, it weakens the visual barrier which hides the periorbital blood vessel therefore they tend to be darker as compared when they are young. Mayo Clinic mentioned that dark circles are hereditary and they can run in families.
Zukerman suggests having a nap to lighten dark eye circles. When you lie down the collected blood will then flow from your eyes. In addition, do not rub your eyes and you must drink plenty of water. To avoid puffiness, do not drink alcohol, avoid eating salty foods and do not drink too much water when going to bed. Splash your face with cold water or apply cool tea bags over your eyes if you wake up with puffy eyes in the morning. The coolness minimizes swelling.
The Use of Moisturizers
Use moisturizing cream to keep your eyes looking young but avoid over applying. For permanent dark circles, use a concealer which serves as healing creams also according to “CBS News” and at the same time provide moisture while helping to lighten the appearance of dark circles.
Moisture is very important in dark circles. It will help restore the eyes’ natural suppleness. You then need to have a moisturizer in your regimen if you want to remedy this problem.